What is Chlamydia?

Part of caring for our patients is providing sexually transmitted disease information, including free testing. A bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis causes the disease. It is one of the most common STIs.  It can damage a woman’s reproductive organs if left untreated.

Symptoms of Chlamydia in women include:

  • Abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Low back pain
  • Nausea
  • Fever
  • Painful intercourse
  • Bleeding between periods

Symptoms of Chlamydia in men include:

  • Discharge from the penis
  • Burning sensation when going to the bathroom
  • Burning and itching around the opening of the penis
  • Pain and swelling in the testicles (though uncommon)

Treatment for Chlamydia

  • Visit your doctor, who will then prescribe antibiotics.
  • Several antibiotics can successfully cure Chlamydia in both adolescents and adults.
  • It is important to take all of the medication prescribed.
  • Get yearly check-ups with your doctor in order to ensure you are free of infection.
  • Stop having sex during treatment in order to prevent spreading the disease.
  • Notify all sex partners that you have an STI. Partners require testing and treatment, as well.
  • Re-test  3-4 months after finishing treatment to ensure the infection is gone.
  • Chlamydia should be treated before having an abortion. 


  • 23% of patients who have an infection at the time of an abortion will develop Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) within four weeks.
  • Chlamydia is the most common bacterial STI.
  • Hormonal contraceptives increase your risk of contracting Chlamydia.
  • 75% of women who are infected do not know they have it because they have NO SYMPTOMS.


Information on this page provided by the US Centers For Disease Control and Prevention.